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So Polycleitus

Chiton reaching to the feet terminate his body into solid cylindrical volume, but frequent folds lead to alternation of light and shadow bands. Reflexes arising in this world apart in all directions. The bronze figure is thus ideally set in the center of the space, like the vanishing point in a geometric light rays. Among the great sculptors of V in. BC worked in bronze, stands out from Elevter Myron (c. 470-440 years. BC) He belongs to the 'Discobolus', known in different copies. This is a perfect example of 'balance brought to virtuosity.

The whole figure, bent in the form of large smooth arc, based on the right foot. To the left leg is raised for a final spurt in the discus throw, aims hand, coupled with the right knee. In its motion figure forms two large arcs, one of which is shorter, going from right hip to left shoulder, and another, longer, ends with both hands. But the focal points or centers of motion, one way or another connected with the assigned hand back to the disk are in different planes or different levels, so that power flows are developed in a spiral, being exposed to the dual density, so the voltage remains the same gesture with which to point perspective or examined the statue. But that is not limited to, for each view potentially contains all of the others, and the statue, as it were at once seen from a different point.

And it is this ability to convey a each perspective, the integrity of the existence of form in space is the essence of the new plasticity, embodied in the statues of Myron. In view of the fastening plastic form as in the synthesis of a compound or all points and reviews the development of a bronze sculpture of marble natural approaches. The search for the absolute or ideal form separate from the technical experiments. At first put forward an aesthetic purpose – achievement of the ideal, using all practical possibilities. Polycleitus from Argos, worked in the second half of V. BC, is developing a canon, which tries to establish a law of proportionality of the human body, In other words, the structural principle of his image in sculpture. This law is embodied in the statue of an athlete he called "Doryphoros." "That very fine game of twists and turns, which marked the beginning of his Critias boys from the Acropolis, in violation of rigidity front of the Archaic, is enriched in "Doryphoros" and other statues Polyclitus free and harmonic rhythmic articulation, balance with the ratio of body parts, repetition of uniform elements in their strengthening or weakening, repeating that the Greek rhetoricians compare the structure entirely constructed phrases, consisting of four paired together parts (columns), that is tetrakolona. That is why the ancient Greeks call tetragonal, and the Romans square shape Poliklet image techniques. One leg is bent and brushed back, the opposite shoulder dropped, bent, bent leg meets the hand, the carrier – free lowered, tilted his head slightly tilted somewhat to the side. Rhythmic building was connected with accurate proportions, governed by the basic measure, constituted the canon established by the sculptor in one the treatises. So Polycleitus, sophist Protagoras at the same time, proclaimed in his treatise "truth" that "man is the measure of all things", it is theoretically reinforced the process of searching, which in archaic times led to approval of the human image as a measure of universal harmony.

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