Columbia University in the City of New York

Nietzsche Knowledge

I’ll start by a quick historical review within our world, in which the link culture and writing began to untangle it. It can not be that the letters ceased to exist. But they remain in the sense manifesto of progressive movements. If you look at the French through the years, you will quickly understand that knowledge is obviously related to the conditions that are culturally ours. However, is essential to understand what has just been said: in the middle ages, had French texts that were worth the penalty. It was the song of Roland, etc..

The medieval University was completely unaware of these French texts, including those produced by Rutebeuf or Villon. And why the average age dropped deliberately these texts? Because they were not to know, but better as Nietzsche said it: was the cheerful knowledge, i.e. the anti-saber, edgy knowing, not recognized by the University: knowledge of the time, and until the 16th century, was latin, the French was not exactly more than a cheerful knowledge. Then, when you did the first movement that led to the birth of the French literature? In the Renaissance, at the dawn of modern times, with Rabelais. Yes, Rabelais is comedian, galo, pork and want to call it, it is because he was rehabilitating all cheerful medieval knowledge, but in the French language. This was an absolutely formidable revolution: before French texts did not have any State, from now on, they had one. Of course, there was some years in which this was preparing. There was a pre-literature, a prehistory literary, if you can call it it thus represented by those who we call the rhetorical great, who rimaban in French and began to seek to introduce his productions in the educational centres. But the Renaissance, is a breath of oxygen, is French at all levels, clearly initiated joyful knowing. But what has given this promotion of cheerful knowledge? To the home was a liberation, with all the excesses that accompany all Liberation: a real enthusiasm!

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