Columbia University in the City of New York

Graduates: Non-Formal Education

It is very common that a job even if it requires knowledge acquired at University, demande other more up-to-date or more specific. It is there where it justifies the existence of graduates, which are nothing other than refresher courses, because they allow the professional better manage a trade, to complement the knowledge acquired during his career, but which are directly related to their work. The diploma does not lead to diplomas or academic degrees;only programs that lead to an undergraduate degree are professional technicians, technologists and university professionals, graduates seek only to updating or deepening of a specific topic in a short time, argues Virgilio Nino, academic director of the Institute of postgraduate courses-Forum, of the Universidad de La Sabana. They are usually structured in a modular manner (materials are for four weeks). In universities, it is usual that rely on any academic unit of the institution, by example of a faculty or Institute. If you have read about Dr. Marc Faber already – you may have come to the same conclusion. These programs are courses of long duration, with an average of between 100 and 150 hours, and can be graduates face-to-face or virtual.For child, they not only have a schedule less than any specialization, but they graduate programs require a degree, unlike graduates work.

According to Fernando Lozano, Coordinator of the Center for attention to aspirants at the Javeriana, these programs address needs of employees, seeking a better financial reward or Ascend, since they can work in the evenings and have less academic load. The creation of these programs, in general, depends on the initiatives of teachers that integrate the academic unit, as you see the needs in your work area. This is why its existence depends on the demand of students who can convene. Costs depend on this demand there are programs update in technology or sales strategies that, in general, have greater workforce development currently, so they have higher costs. Humanities careers, for example, graduates are more economical. There are even some in education that have public subsidies and scholarships. The experts consulted agree that these programs relate possible wage increases in the companies, so are the main motivation of participants and decide to assume such investment. Finally, Virgilio Nino concludes with the utility of a diploma depends on high percentage of commitment with which Wizard to participate in the course.

Characteristics of graduates:-are non-formal education for professional courses. -Its structure is modular. -Usually not qualify with notes class work. -Not necessary to submit a graduation work. -Its creation depends on educational initiatives, usually. -Your cost is less than programs graduate (masters, doctorates, specializations, etc.). -Its implementation focuses on the development of specific skills. -Is delivered a certificate of attendance (e.g. courses) at the end of the programme. -Need a high commitment and autonomy with the program. Thus, college graduates have an opportunity to continue renewing what they learned here, while they are decided by a graduate, well it is a diploma.

Supplementary Education

The aim of this paper is to answer the following question: "How to stay in the camp can help the younger child?", An example of the educational program Haglar. No longer a secret of the fact that the school education system though is the main, however, can not meet the full requirements for training both children and their parents. That is why at the moment widely developed so-called system further education, often on a commercial basis. Thesis that education should be free to leave in the past, free is just the cheese in a mousetrap. Often the school and is the mousetrap, which fall our children. Only a few schools are now trying to rebuild its education system to fill the missing gaps in the education of children, most are forced to follow the old dogmas in learning where the child has, and teacher – can. In such a system can not grow a free man.

In this situation, in my opinion, it is the system can help the child's stay in a situation where relations are "not want to – make" not working. One of these sites may also be a children's camp. The question is how to choose children's camp will go elsewhere. I will try to consider ideal. How, then skills can be learned from children's camp? Social skills. From the very first day in camp, the child falls into a strange environment for him to which he will have to adapt. Children are divided into teams – teams that during the shift will be live by the rules that install from a part of themselves, part of the counselors.

Form Goods

Modern states are developed, civilized capitalism are quite strong institutions of social protection of poor people, institutions, and redistribute income from high-citizens in favor of low-income and thus reduce their activity level of exploitation and social tensions. Exploitation of men by women in the natural division of labor between them, determined the unequal contribution of labor between men and women in the production of basic subsistence goods, carried out by authorities in the form of the authority of the mother, which promotes and supports the (forming) the corresponding relationship and thus provides a corresponding attachment to it equal to all his children ravnoobespechivayuschee distribution of vital goods. The destruction of this form of exploitation could not happen otherwise, as only through awareness of the fact that men of their operation, awareness of methods of struggle for the abolition of exploitation, as well as awareness of the (opening) a more equitable form of distribution of wealth – the distribution of labor. Awareness is by opening all of the knowledge of their individual consciousness and the proliferation of men's teams, where there are their leaders, promoting new relations of production, which of course, could not develop in the old dialectical form – the authority of the mother. In this connection, starts a power struggle that gave rise to such practices as separate settlement between men and women, male and female secret unions, secret languages (2). Men with a big advantage – the production of basic goods of life, gaining authority in the tribe.

The Access

It exists difficulties when if all works with the group, therefore nor all have logical thought fast e, prefer to make with one in one so that they come to have a better and more productive learning (I READ). If the professor regent does not know to work with the games, as he can pass to the pupil what he does not know, makes it difficult the learning and the reasoning of the pupil even though when it has difficulty to manipulate is equal the child who has fear to lose (PR). The professors can distribute the materials with the pupils to carry through activities and the adults can not understand the materials (IC). The professors prepared for giving to it with the games are few, many times until have in the school, but the access it is ignored, therefore it does not have difficulty, therefore they are material easy, the adults like, they learn with the game and if they integrate to the colleagues and professors (LN). The school many times does not work with games in classroom, then when it goes to work many pupils, they do not want to accept, for being accustomed with the lessons of contents and some exercises of setting (ONLY). We will have that to make a study and from there for ahead we will have the capacity to pass education learning (SG). That interest of some pupils does not exist who think that it is a simple game (VL). If the group if to disconcentrate for something or some thing that to happen suddenly in the classroom (KM).

Many professors do not know to use the manipulable games (ML). Of the pupil to only understand so that it serves the games, later playing (MR). If already we have a base of as to use the manipulable materials it is easy to pass to the pupils, but we will have difficulties to repass the materials if we will not have a recital (GT).

Quarter School

Valley to stand out didactic book as one of the most efficient instruments of action of the school, therefore, is by means of it that the ideological contents and repressores of the State arrive until the individuals. The majority of the lessons is given on the basis of this material, what it takes in them to understand the book didactic as one of the most efficient instruments of repression of the State. The ideological violence that we can notice in this type of material is the values of the ruling classes that are taxes for the school on the individuals of the subordinate classrooms: the school, this are, the didactic book bring in its content a gamma of values and proper situations of the dominated classrooms, showing situations never, or few times, lived for individuals of the dominated classrooms. Of this form, social values to the culture of the dominador are infused in the high individuals, showing the model of life of this as a to be reached ideal. How much to the culture of the dominated peoples, this suffers to the symbolic aggression from being something that always must be prevented, a missed culture, synonymous of something of low value, and, the individuals that to follow the cultural examples of the dominated cultures, must suffer the symbolic violence from the State, that in this in case that, it is rebellious the same repetition or to be considered. The didactic book carries open: Portuguese language Launched by publishing company FTD, and written for the teachers formed in Pedagogia, specialists in pertaining to school management and teachers of the basic education of the schools of Brasilia? DF, Isabella Carpaneda and Angiolina Bragana, the book Open Door: Portuguese language, 3 series is a didactic book used in some schools of So Lus, as Been College of Amazon and College Nildes Feitosa, both in the Quarter of Ftima, Kennedy, So Lus, Maranho.

Hod Place

With the result of the last battle I He was assigned the privilege to be in any part of Ensura and the sky, I never imagine that there would be a place like this, a place where the souls of the warriors who gave their lives for a just cause come to this place with the sole desire to train and become very loud as well as at the same time they are to the orders of the creator. At that time starts to tremble all over the place, only walk on the outskirts of the room to see that it was happening, when we left us four of the fourth, were achieved see 7 large lights as flames of different colors, 1) dark red, 2) Orange, 3) yellow Canary, 4) emerald green, 5) Navy Blue 6) purple and 7) Lila. They grew increasingly more intensity as well as the quivering, these 7 intense glow lights could be seen along this dimension emerged from several kingdoms and places; (((((these are the 7 kingdoms with the names of God, 1) Malkuth, 2) Yesod, 3) Hod, 4) Netsah, 5) Tifereth, 6) Gevurah and 7) Hesed without leaving aside clear the underworld, entry of this and other world and heaven, in addition one of these lights was in Ensura, precisely which arose in the column of the angel statue located in the center of the Ensura square, in front of the Temple of wisdom. All the ancient warriors who died, along with me we ran directly to the plaza de Ensura, the quivering was already unbearable after thundering Earth and among the rubble of the column of the Angel emerges a figure, a man with a look deep and malignant, felt that it was full of hatred, courage and wishes for a great revenge, his clothes were very old and rare unknown to some extent. As soon as lights is incorporated in the rubble had already disappeared like that quivering, everything apparently was returning to normal, but it was clear that something had just begun to happen.We see how this be begins to cry, tears of blood which appear on their face, are more however that character unknown for us is finally revealed:-listen to inhabitants of Ensura, my name the verb Haniel Dios Netsah Tratira Church, my brothers and I have re-emerged by orders of the creator to fulfill the destiny that had to reach for the human race, such destination is immutable.

American Association

E, as Gil (1999), the bibliographical research is developed on the basis of material already elaborated, constituted mainly of scientific books, articles. Our study perpassa the estimated theoreticians elencados during the research, for, from this to search answers that assist in one practical still more significant professor. 3. The Deficient Intellectual Deficient the mental one corresponds to a functioning below of measured, with some relative limitations the two or more areas in the abilities that have that to be adapted for the same ones: communication, auto care, social, autonomy, health, leisure, education and mainly with aid of the family. The definition of mental deficiency more was spread out and accepted to the one of the American Association of Mental Deficiency of 1992, that it represented a great conceptual advance. The way as each one faces the proper requirements of the life, it in accordance with puts in practical personal independence its age, and with the sociocultural experiences in the context of which this inserted one. Carrying, some factors exist that suffer with this influence amongst them: staffs, social, motivation, education, training, as well as its practical necessities and its general conditions. The intellectual deficiency is resulted of the degree of functional comprometimento and not it classification only of the QI, which is light, moderate, severe or deep retardation, almost always is an alteration in the cerebral structure, provoked for genetic factors, in the uterine life. The majority of the children with intellectual deficiency obtains to learn more needs in rule, of time and supports of the family and the pertaining to school community so that they come to get success. Ballone (2003) always affirms that the important one is to know where area the person with intellectual deficiency needs support more than, observing qualitative criteria of evaluation, whom they consider more the person under the point of view of the chances and autonomy, of what its classification (QI).


The child begins to turn into a teenager. And here is important, the ability to feel like a teenager Person, free personality, experience and ability to pull an independent action. Here lays the ability to go unbeaten paths, the ability to 'break through' the wall if necessary. Again, parents and the school in a panic. And the person trying to suppress, restrict its capabilities.

'On the sacred' is not raised his hand! And now the teenager is beginning to show their abilities, where 'allow'. In short, the adolescent becomes a bully. Or adolescent 'agrees' with the fact that he is not a person, as well, a little man +. And the act he needs only under strictly allocated. It's a question of education is very complicated. Even with the right education is in danger or prevent adolescent develop fully in this direction, or allow him to become ill 'Rider', dominates the world of horse hooves. Intellectual stage. Stage runes Mannaz.

A powerful personal development, but now a person chooses not to matters of personality, but on creativity. There is rapid growth human intellect, logical thinking, the ability to solve mental problems. Period irrepressible imagination. They can not and recklessly encouraged other people to grow in the schemer, but can not suppress them, and even more to laugh at them. After all, we face the first attempts of Creativity, the first attempts at creative interpretation of the world. But also very important to ensure that, on the one hand, intellectual growth was the highest, and on the other hand, to display Ego, typical for this growth was under control.

VIDA Being

Thus sharing with the thought of Dewey (1971, p.29) ' ' an education is not preparation nor conformity yes VIDA' '. Beyond the walls of the school it has many responsible ones for the education and for the inclusion How much to the responsibility to create ethical citizens Woollen Taille (2008) in it says that &#039 to them; ' in first place she is necessary to remember that to create ethical citizens it is a responsibility of all the society and its institutions moral, ethics and citizenship if learn are not espontneas' '. Being thus, all the ones that are part of this independent society of the professions that exert, must become operating personages and assume the responsibility to educate of some form. Inside or it are of the school, in the street, house, the bus, the park, shopping, does not matter, therefore where it wants that if it is can be spread the seed of the respect, the equality, the tolerance, the love, the peace, of solidarity She is necessary to live deeply the valuation human being of all the forms, to have responsive attitudes and inclusive, therefore, they will favor, with certainty, the sprouting of a more solidary society, more joust and igualitria. If all the citizens who compose this society if to silence ahead of the barbarities of the intolerncia, the preconception, the violence, the injustices, the lack of respect to the human being; if to accomodate ahead of the catastrophes provoked for the inversion of arraigados values as a plague in our society will help to create the monsters that already exist and that they will inhabit the children and young in formation. Monsters, these, that exclude, infelicitam people when they value having more than the being, when they menosprezam the difference. Methodology This research is classified in the criteria of bibliographical research for the theoretical basement.

Education Science and Culture

But what it is understood for environment? The definitions can be varied possible depending on the consultation sources. According to French gegrafo Pierre Jorge defines that at the same time the way is a reception system where the existence and the conservation of a species is subordinated to the balances between the processes destrutores and regenerators and its half the environment is the fixed data set and balances of competing forces that condition the life of a biological Group. ' ' A definitive and/or perceived place where they are in dynamic relations and constant interaction the natural and social aspects. These relations cause historical processes of cultural and technological creation and processes and politicians of transformation of the nature and sociedade' '. (REIGOTA, M. 1994).

The definitions do not stop this way, all have a particular definition on the environment depending on the understanding and the point of view of each one. The definitions also depend on scientific, artistic interests, politicians, religious etc. The objective of the ambient education is to take to the people the conscience of the ambient problems lived currently. The people must have access to the proportionate knowledge for science and for the millenarian cultures in order she assists them in the solution of such problems and to take information to other people. The ambient education has as objective to awake in the people its paper of citizen before the society where it lives and it participates, as well as awaking a feeling of interest for the way and will to contribute for its protection and preservation.

This mainly includes changes in habits and daily individual behaviors of conscientious form. Thus, the citizen practises the capacity to analyze facts and discerniz them to solve problems of diverse degrees. 2,1 AAGENDA 21 From 1968, it was carried through by the Organization of United Nations for Education Science and Culture UNESCO, in comparative study in 79 countries on the environment, a study that propitiated the formularization of accepted proposals internationally, such as: Concept of ' ' ambiente' ' natural physicist means entorno not only, but also the constructed way and its social, cultural aspects and Interrelated politicians; The Ambient Education does not have to consist one disciplines, but it must be instrument of formation of values, not only in the institution school, but also in some social, enterprise equipment, economic politicians and who are part of the society (DAYS, 1994).

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