Columbia University in the City of New York

Educative Context

ResumenLas influences historical of psychology has radically marked the development in its different battle areas, the psychology of the education has obtained in you complete decades the participation of the psychologists in the pedagogical and educative context like so, thus being able, to interact and to enter context not only taking control of individual phenomena of the knowledge and learning, but also of problematic at group or collective a level that are raised from the pedagogy and of the context in if, being able to visualize them from a real and dynamic perspective but. The evolution of the psychology of the education has given rolls him to the psychologist that have varied with time, taking care first of basic processes as the learning and how the subject arrives at its final mission that is the knowledge and through which instruments, in that then sprouting of the psychometry were the base for the learning theories and intelligence, along with observations of laboratory, was limited the form of how psychologist could only know the development the subject, that is to say, in a mental level, without considering other elements that always have influenced at the time of acquiring knowledge and under which conditions can be developed the individuals in an educative context. Under these historical influences the psychologist has managed abrir breach for 1? test presented/displayed by students of the bolivariana pontifical university of the program of psychology of I SAW semester in the subject fields of educative application oriented by the educational Thin Andrea. to enter itself to this and dealing with problematic educative an integral form, that is to say, having in account the social, familiar scope, and all the aspects that not necessarily are tie with the educative practice in the class classroom and that generate a direct or indirect influence in the educative process of the individual.

Organic Education Act

They are the first changes in the Organic Education Act of 2006. Students who do not end up ESO will obtain a certificate of basic skills. The Council of Ministers today approved the Royal Decrees amending the fourth year of compulsory secondary education and the new management of vocational training, both driven by Educacion Minister Angel Gabilondo. ESO reform aims to deepen the guiding character of the fourth course by establishing three different pathways for students and reforming the initial professional qualification programmes. The new FP seeks more flexible and expand the offer of studies to adapt more easily to the demands of the socio-economic environment.

The educational administrations wishing to do so may implement them already on the next educational calendar, but will be mandatory in the 2012-2013 academic year. Both included in the law of sustainable economy, are the first reforms of the Organic Education Act of 2006. The new 4th that will be introduced three new subjects: Food, nutrition and health; Sciences applied to the professional activity and professional orientation and entrepreneurial initiative. All students must study a series of common subjects and choose three subjects from the options or two subjects of an option and a third of the common. In the itineraries, one is more centered at the artistic and plastic and Visual, Latin, music-Letras-educacion, another toward the Ciencias-biologia and geology, physics and chemistry, technology – and a third party take toward the Fp-alimentacion, nutrition and health, applied to the professional activity and technology sciences. In addition access to initial professional qualification programs, formerly called Social guarantee, be reformed. Be one step ahead of a course, so students can enter them at age 15 and not at 16, until now. This made that students most repeated at least a course before entering.

They will have duration of two years and will enter a FP Middle grade. Another novelty is that students who finish ESO without obtaining the graduate will receive a certified official call of core competencies. This will allow them, in case of return to the Studio, not having to repeat courses which adopted in its previous attempt. The reform with vocational training, initial professional qualification modules, will be included in this type of education specialization courses of vocational training to complete the FP and programmes for young people over the age of 17 years who left the study prematurely. Also the possibilities for access to two levels of FP will be expanded. For the environment, accessibility is incorporated after the initial professional qualification programmes and you can move through a bridge course from grade FP medium to the top. So far, they should first enroll in baccalaureate or make an entrance examination.

Education System

More than 10,000 sports coaches each year obtained his degree outside the academic realm may from now integrated into the education system, now that the new management of sports lessons, approved last October, extensive regulation of the qualifications of sports technicians of intermediate and higher level to the sports of the 63 Spanish federationsincluding those of persons with disabilities. It facilitates the incorporation of sportsmen of high level and performance to these teachings by granting academic value to its sporting experience.With the approval last October 19, 2007 the Royal Decree for the management of the sports teaching of special regime, developed and promoted by the Higher Council for sports, is granted to these teachings the official character and academic validity which already recognized the organic law of education to integrate them within the educational system, giving similar treatment to the different teachings, including the Sports teachings of mid-grade in post-compulsory secondary education, and sports lessons from top grade within higher education.One of the most significant innovations that brings this Royal Decree to sports lessons is that it regulates all sports, and where appropriate modalities specialties, which are recognized by the Higher Council for sports. In this way, is wide the previous regulations, which only regulated six modalities (skiing, basketball, football, mountain, athletics and handball), extending to the sports of the 63 Spanish federations recognised by the Council, which includes those of disabled.According to the calendar of implantation of the LOE, before December 31 of the year 2007, the Government will initiate the establishment of these new qualifications, which will allow about 10,000 coaches that annually earned a degree through courses within the framework of the sports system, but outside the academic realm, is integrated into the educational system. The Royal Decree also establishes system equivalence, approvals and validations that will allow more than 300,000 technicians trained previously in tiers such as monitor, regional trainer or national coach, to equate his titles to the new official teachings.Others of the beneficiaries of this legislation will be high-level and high-performance athletes.

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