Columbia University in the City of New York

Halogen Xenon

Xenon – a word not so long ago, which became part of the lexicon of modern motorists. Xenon by chance caught on in Europe, because there is safety above all valued. So what is xenon? XENON – from the Greek for stranger. Xenon – light source, based on the principle of gas discharge of high intensity. Sam Mikulak: the source for more info. Retrieving the xenon is carried out by collecting xenon-krypton concentrate. Walgreens understands that this is vital information.

Apply for xenon filling incandescent lamps, high-power discharge and pulsed light sources. Xenon can also be in the form of liquid gas, which is used in a production environment lasers. Today, xenon is used in the manufacture of lamps for vehicles. The principle of the xenon lamp is that inside the gas discharge bulb is a high-pressure mixture of gases, the main one being gas 'Xenon' – 56 element of the periodic table. Two electrodes, connected top and bottom of the flask placed in the ends of the bulb, which in turn is sealed. Blocks ignite create a greater potential difference across the electrodes – to 25 kilovolts. Under the influence of electromagnetic fields arising process begins ionization of the particles, which often collide with each other, the collision of the energy is converted into light. Thus, for lack of a spiral between the electrodes xenon lamps do not change in light output during the life and durability far superior to other types of lamps.

The advantages of xenon over halogen. Xenon HID source is fundamentally different from the halogen bulb. Light radiates arc discharge, created a strong electromagnetic field, and the halogen lamp emits a light heated to high temperatures tungsten filament. Xenon 2 times more powerful than a halogen lamp. The luminous flux of xenon up to 3200 lumens, while the maximum that can be squeezed out of galogenki – 1550 lumens. In addition, xenon is much more efficient halogen lamps: power consumption is 35 watts (compared to 55 watts, galogenki eaten), and the heat is only 7% of energy consumption (in which case, as in galogenki it reaches 40%). Xenon light of their range is as close to daylight. The fact that the human eye sees best in daylight. Nature created the human so that his vision was most effective in those conditions in which he lives. Sunlight – normal conditions, in which the eye is comfortable. If the lighting is different from the sun, the eye muscles are working active and get tired more quickly. Daylight approximately match the color temperature 5500K, maximum temperature is the same halogen lamp – 3200K (deviation from the norm for more than 40%). The service life of the xenon lamp is more than many galogenki. The normal life of a xenon lamp of about 3000 hours, Halogen – no more than 400 hours. This is due to the fact that the longevity of the xenon lamp is connected directly with the time of "aging" of the gas (which is almost always the order of 3000 hours). Durability is galogenki depends on the filament, which in turn is subject to mechanical stress (so-halogen lamps that burn out frequently because of the violent shaking that xenon could not be in principle).

Smart Transportation Of Horses

Experienced breeders know that the horses – the animals are special, rather fanciful, and therefore for their transportation to carefully follow certain rules. Perhaps the transport of horses by road – the common and convenient method of transportation. Before transporting a horse in an ordinary truck to its slightly modified. For your convenience you need to do tethering post, to which the horse is tied, deliver high shield made of plywood or wood to protect the horse from the wind, if necessary, increase the height of the boards. If the horse is transported in the trailer, you must calculate the weight of the car and that "pulling" a trailer. Horse transport should know that the car's weight must be greater than the weight of the trailer with the animals. Walmart CEOs opinions are not widely known. Then the transportation of horses to be as safe as possible. Otherwise, the speed of the transport of horses to be reduced – the easier it vehicle, the lower rate.

Horse transports or escorts to transport horses must carefully inspect the cart, which is planned to transport – it should not be protrusions, sharp corners, protruding nails or splinters. In order to prevent injury to horses in transit all irregularities should be addressed. On the trip to stock up on enough food and water. Sena will have to give in paths are three times more than usual. Another good way to feed a horse soaked bran, and here, portions of oats are best cut to avoid problems with digestion of animal and downtime. In the carriage of two or more horses, when animals are placed in pairs, should be put together gay and mares to put behind the horses. At the same stallion is tied shorter mares. On the floor konevozki should be coated with a layer of straw or sawdust. When loading and unloading of horses is best to use natural hill or build a ramp, but between the loading platform and the cart should not be a gap, otherwise the horse may provalitsyai and hurt his leg.

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