Columbia University in the City of New York

Water, Wind And Big Waves

The vast majority of our earth is covered with water. The oceans contain so much water that we can hardly express it in liters. rry Bowden on most websites. The Pacific Ocean alone covers 166 million square kilometers, making it bigger all the continents together. The water of the seas and oceans is in constant motion. Even if the sea lying apparently mirror, it is held by the tides and currents of invisible moving.

Once the wind is up waves occur – harmless little, but also massive storm surges. Waves are formed only on the surface, remember the sea animals at the bottom of any of it. If you look closely, you realize that the water stands for. The waves are moving forward little, but mainly up and down. In the surf it is different: Since the large breakers roll on the land. Wind waves offer the more attack surface as smooth water.

Therefore can be rapidly from small waves great. The stronger the wind blows, the more waves combine with one another – until finally huge waves, dangerous. You push a man throwing him under water or on land. At sea, waves can be more than a landslide. Sailors speak of wave crests and troughs. The waves can be so high and the wave can be as deep valleys disappears even a large cargo ship in it. Ships to sail the open sea, but North and Baltic seas have in their boat all Necessary Accessories for the rescue of people on board. These include, for example, life jackets, life buoys and life rafts for all passengers and crew members located on the ship. It should by radio shortly before leaving the ship, the international distress signal is sent natione sos with the exact position so that search teams also come to the rescue at the right place, or start their search over there. Wind speeds are in total divided into 12 strengths, they are here specifically designed for marine use: 0 = 2 = light wind breeze. Short small waves. Wellenkame do not break. 4 = Moderate breeze. Even small waves, but many are already whitecaps visible. 6 = strong wind. Formation of large waves begin Schaumflchen larger form. 8 = Gale. High waves of 7 meters. 10 = Severe Storm, very high waves, the sea is white with the foam. 12 = hurricane. The air is filled with foam and spray.

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