Columbia University in the City of New York

Venezuelan President

"Cavez President Hugo commented:" The rich are destroying the planet, maybe they think going to another, "he joked on Wednesday the president of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, before the full the climate conference in Copenhagen, accusing the capitalist system "this disastrous scenario." The rich are destroying the planet, maybe they think going to another, "he quipped. Hugo Chavez, to the plenary of the conference on climate accused the capitalist system "this disastrous scenario." Chavez, who was one of the first heads of state in joining the conference, referred to the absence of its American counterpart Barack Obama, scheduled participate only on Friday. It is said that he lashed out ahead "now to appear here with the Nobel Peace Prize," which was "almost the same day as ordered 30,000 extra troops to kill innocent people in Afghanistan." "You can say that a ghost walks the streets of Copenhagen and I think they go with us in this room, this horrible ghost that almost nobody wants to name is capitalism," Chavez said from the podium. Emphasizing the responsibility of industrialized countries on global warming, Chavez recalled that "7% of the world population is responsible for 50% of emissions" of greenhouse gases and "the poorest 50% is responsible for only 7% of these emissions. " "It's a bit strange to call this the United States and China at the same level," he said, referring to the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases on the planet, under pressure in Copenhagen to make decisions that allow ambitious successful negotiation . But "America has only 300 million inhabitants and China, five times the population. The United States consumes more than 20 million barrels of oil and China comes barely five or six million. You can not ask the same to one another, "he said.

Going back to some of the slogans used in recent days in the massive demonstrations that have shaken Copenhagen, Chavez asked:" Do not change the weather, change the system and thus begin save the planet "." If the weather outside a bank, capitalist, the larger ones, they would have saved the rich countries, "he added. On the lack of progress in negotiating a new global agreement to combat global climate, the Venezuelan president said: "There are some countries that are playing here did not document, because the absence of the rule allows them to use their freedom operator". "Pressures to leave here a document that commits countries powerful nations on Earth, "launched, sparking an ovation. Definitely, President Chavez noted that none of the countries of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA) will sign a text that "out of nothing" and that does not correspond with the texts agreed in negotiations. "If the weather were a bank," said Chavez, industrialized governments "and they would be saving," he quipped Venezuelan President


In a certain city, the people if knew very well, leave in the streets and talked until high hours of the night. In this city a man existed who its bigger dream was to have a son. A son who it could count its experiences, its advice. All the city gave support for it. It was a good man. One day if married, with a pretty woman.

The two had lived a couple example until the 2 years of married, when finally that man who as much dreamed of a son receives the news happyest from its life. ' ' You are Pai' '. It, without delaying very, invites the city all for a party where he went to speak on the news that would change the life of it. All, with the biggest satisfaction, had accepted the invitation. The day of the party was fond and everything was prepared. Decorated tables, balloons, cakes, salty.

Everything that has right. The smile in the face of that man does not disappear since that the first guest arrived. It complimented all with a squeeze of firm hand and one I hug game. In one determined moment of the party, somebody hears saying ' ' ateno' '. He was the new father. It, with the full mouth of pride joy, spoke of its new son as if it was to its side. However, when it was finishing to count its history, somebody asked: – Which will be the name of its baby? Then that man looked at for that person and spoke: – This is the biggest surprise. I will not say now. Then, after if cheering very in that occasion, all had been for its houses. Not little, but sufficiently curious. ' ' Which would be the name of the baby? ' ' , ' ' what it cost to say the name of the child? ' ' The years had been transferred and that baby already could be considered a daily pay-adoslescente.


The socioambiental conscience of urban muitassociedades is coming back the attention toward two forces: the ambientalismo eo movement for the Animal Rights (OF). It is not something Marc Lore would like to discuss. As, exactly that the majority dasONGs ambientalistas of world-wide recognition still teimem for ignoring, temmuitssimo to see with the first one, being the reason biggest its propostarevolucionria to beyond extend to the attribute of citizens of right for daespcie human being. For who very it does not know well referring to abolitionism omovimento animal, it militates independently for the ones OF and the fold that the animaisno-human beings must pass to be considered right citizens, seresessencialmente deserving of rights in law of pretensa' ' utilidade' ' they attributed by the human beings. An animal not-human being would pass to amerecer certain rights, that today do not exist or are reduced the legal brevesartigos against gratuitous violence. An animal would pass, as well as umser human, to have inalienable rights to the life (except those they quecaracterizassem urban plague and they were intratveis or irremanejveis vectors dedoenas), to the physical and psychological integrity, the dignity, the freedom and aoexerccio of the alive paper of being integrant of the environment. Cattle, the apesca one, the vivisection, the pseudosports involving animal, the deprodutos tests and many other cruel and mortal abuses would be become illegal. The release movement animalest showing to the world that the human being is not the only alive being that has valorintrnseco and that it deserves rights. Extending our intelligence, this proposta an inestimable one helps the ambientalista cause.

Joining both the causes, we will start to perceive, for ' ' rule of trs' ' , that the environment also is umaentidade that deserves rights. Also it deserves if to become a right citizen porseu inherent value. Thinking we thus, meioambiente, as well as the animals supported for the ones OF, are a living entity common end in same itself, and not mere ' ' recurso' ' with ends to serve to the interesseshumanos ' ' superiores' ' as if he thought about the last centuries that were. To think noambiente as citizen of right is to recognize at last that it must to have suapreservao and harmonization with necessities human beings not because we humanosestamos threatened for future catastrophes climatic, but because meioambiente has its proper right, that we must respect, of continuarexistindo. Saying in necessities human beings, we need to think that, as all animal, we depend on the resources of naturezapara to continue existing, and is for this reason that we need to extract of it oque we need, and not because ' ' the nature serves in them so that we extraiamosseus resources and grows with progresso' '.

In other words, to leave meioambiente to live is necessary for proper it, not only for us. It is thinking about the rights that osanimais they deserve and binding to the points between the Animal Rights and ambientalismoque we understand why to think about the animals implies a vision more inteligentedo environment. In the same way that the first ones deserve to have a nobrena space legislation that regulates the behavior human being, as also it deserves. In both oscasos, because it is not good for the humanity, but for being it for proper they.

Four Species

The luminous energy captured by the fotossinttico, composed device by clorofila and accessory pigments, is converted into chemical energy, heat and fluorescence (Taiz and Zeiger, 2004). The reactions of photosyntheses when reaching a stadium of balance or steady state, that if of the one under determined luminous condition, has deriving electron transference of the oxidation of the water for the nicotinamida aceptor dinucleotdeo adenine fosfato (NADP+), while the centers of reaction of fotossistemas I and II absorb luminous energy (Baker and Rosenqvist, 2004). Under normal conditions most of the energy contained in excited molecules of clorofila is used to fix carbon (Saquet and Streif, 2002). Material and Methods The study UTAD/Portugal was developed in the Botanical Garden of the University Campus of the University of Backwards-the-Mount and Alto Douro, at the end of the month of July of 2011, in one day of clean sky. Check out Sam Mikulak for additional information. Six mature leves and completely expanded with high texts of clorofila in good condition of the following species had been used: Arbutus unedo L. (Ericaceae Family); Lusitanica Prunus spp (Risaceae Family); Acacia melanoxylon R.

Br. (Fabaceae Family) and Pittosporum undulatum (Pittosporaceae Family) the text of Clorofila was measured in device SPAD, the samples collected in six pots, being a leaf for pot and four measurements SPAD in four distinct leves, without yellow spots. Results and Quarrel The results of the measurements of the text of clorofila are presented to follow. As if it can observe the species Prunus Lusitanica presented greater text of clorofila in all the measurements, being followed by the Acacia Melanoxylan, Arbutus Unedo and, finally, Pittosporum.

Land Education

In such a way, it is necessary, according to Freire (1996), to cultivate the hope, the allegiance to the nature human being, the critical conscience and the humildade. In this direction, many events had happened, evidencing the ambient questions, searching alternative to decide them, as well as sensetizing the human beings in relation its attitudes concerning the environment. The education always was, gift in these quarrels, having many representatives who had started to be part in the elaboration of educational proposals, as educator and citizen in search of better attitudes that result in quality of life and preservation of the planet Land. According to Sato (1997) ' ' The Ambient Education must be developed with the objectives of assisting the pupils to constitute a global conscience of the relative questions to the world so that they can assume position sharpened with the referring values to vida' '. Still the same author (1995) declares that: ' ' the environment cannot be considered as an object of each disciplines, isolated of other factors. ' ' It must be brought tona, as a dimension that supports all the activities and stimulates the physical aspects, biological, social and cultural of the beings humanos' '. Reigota (1995) confirms that, the challenge of the Ambient Education is to leave the naivety and the conservadorismo (biological and politician) the one that if he saw confined and to consider social alternatives, considering the complexity of the relations ambient human beings and. Mussis (1999) in them makes a questioning: What it is Ambient Education? It says despite any attempt of if defining, in few words, a complex thought as the Ambient Education, finishes becoming pobre' '. Grn (1996), says that ' ' An Education that is not ambient, cannot no way be considered Education ' ' our concern in developing this research is to take care of of the way, through the work of perception, art, ambient education and much sensitivity, waiting to obtain to arise emotions, intentions and wakening stimulatons for the readers of this research.

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