Columbia University in the City of New York

United States

Science fiction ever is getting closer, to become a real business. Thus, already possible routine identification of employees, visitors, users of credit cards and others; using biometric information such as fingerprints, facial patterns and voice recognition. The price of the technology needed to scan and read these qualities, is reduced every day; so more consumers increasingly have access to these devices. Thanks to this, the technologies that cost 3 billion dollars in 1999 today cost only 100. The company Identix Inc., for example, sells readers of fingerprints that are connected to ports on computers, more the software needed for a similar price to the cost of a pair of sports shoes. In this way, for less than $200 is accessible to a very useful device. Similarly, iris recognition systems are cheaper today, because of the economic cost of the chips of high resolution, used in their cameras.

As a result of this, a scanning system iris that cost 15 thousand dollars, in the mid 1990s, currently costs 300 dollars. As a result of the lowering of these systems in the United States, is expected that in the next three years, more than 20 million people begin to use ID, including biometric cards. In addition, it is also expected that 60 million foreign visitors, who will join in the future to the United States, loaded with biometric passports. One of the most promising areas of biometrics is related to the prevention of identity theft, which is linked to other types of fraud. Also is expected biometrics a hand in financial transactions, helping the consumer to win confidence in front of e-commerce.

To do this, you will have methods that can ensure that a person who buys over the Internet, is the particular account holder. The biometric cards, identification, are already used to help to business to mount systems, for access control, putting aside the systems passwords. Thus, in some countries already you can see facilities as wineries of banks, laboratories and computerized data bases; that uses this technology. In the past two years, many corporations have begun to invest heavily in biometric technology, such as fingerprint escaneares, in order to ensure that only personnel with permission, makes use of enclosures or computing systems.

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