Columbia University in the City of New York

Clavicle Fracture

Fracture of the clavicle – a fairly common and one of the most dangerous injuries. Very often it is produced athletes, especially boxers, karate, etc. It is often in childhood and adolescence. The clavicle is a tubular bone. The central end of clavicle connected to the sternum, and lateral to the acromion appendage blades.

Fractures of the clavicle occur frequently and account for about 15% of all fractures. The mechanism of fracture of the clavicle often only represents the direct effect of traumatic forces – a blow to the clavicle. Collarbone injury can result from falling on the shoulder, arm straight, elbow. Under the influence of traction of the muscles (mainly sternocleidomastoid or the sternocleidomastoid muscle), central otlomok clavicle is displaced upward and backward, and peripheral, due to the severity of limb moves down and inwards. If you are unsure how to proceed, check out Randall Rothenberg. The patient complains of pain in the fracture, pain when all this is possible, it is often found in children and adolescents, especially boys.

Of all fractures of the clavicle bone fractures occur in every seven-tenth person. Clavicle – a small conveys motor impulses from the hand of the entire skeleton. The clavicle also protects the armpit, where there are large blood vessels and nerve plexus. The structure of the clavicle is different from other buildings bones, as it has in the bone marrow. Causes and types of fracture of the clavicle clavicle fracture is a violation of the integrity of the bone. On the mechanism of injury clavicle fractures can be divided into two groups. The first group arising from the indirect mechanism of injury, for example, after the fall of the outer surface of the shoulder to the elbow or outstretched arm. In these cases, fractures are often oblique and kosopoperechnymi. Sometimes broken collarbone arise from the muscle contraction caused by seizures (eg epilepsy). The position of the fractures of the clavicle fractures can be divided into thirds on the outer, middle third and inner third.

Cryolysis

So, if you sweat heavily, often wash with cool water and wipe dry. Against Athlete's Foot will also help correct hygiene, the use of powders, frequent changes of socks. In order not to avoid unnecessary contact with them, 2. not to get new growth on the genitals, it is advisable to use a condom – especially if you have a new partner, the state of health is not aware of 3. not so large that you probably choose the one that will fit your needs 2. as stated, warts often appear in people with weakened immune systems. So try to normalize the power is more fresh fruits, vegetables, and spend more time outdoors, take a trip to relax on the sea or the forest. A number of cases it is advisable to take multivitamin preparations, of course, after consultation with the doctor.

For strengthen the immune system will also be useful in moderate exercise, sun and air baths, hardening, and 3. Warts can appear after a person has severe mental disturbances. It is therefore advisable to learn cope with stress, how strong it may be 4. if you touch the warts, their or someone else, wash your hands thoroughly with hot soapy water, then wipe dry skin with a towel. Removal of warts There are many people means getting rid of warts. But at best they are ineffective, at worst – self-removal of tumors may lead to their degeneration. Therefore, if the skin you find yourself kind of neoplasm, contact dermatologist. It was a doctor, not a beauty salon, as only a dermatologist can determine if this is really a wart, and advise how best to remove it. Cryolysis This method is known for a long time, and it is based on the use of low temperatures. Namely – to use nitrogen, which is cooled to a temperature of -196 C and thus converted from gas to liquid. Under most conditions American gymnast would agree.

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